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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 194-200

Prevalence of tuberculosis infection and treatment outcome in Babylon Province of Iraq: A retrospective study

1 Department of Microbiology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia
2 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia
3 Department of Basic and Medical Science, College of Nursing, Babylon University, Hilla, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Nada Khazal K Hindi
College of Nursing, Babylon University, Hilla 51001
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/MJBL.MJBL_336_22

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Background: Tuberculosis (TB) mainly affects the lungs (pulmonary TB) and also can impact other parts of the body (extrapulmonary TB). Objectives: The main purpose of this study was to experience the prevalence of tuberculosis and the treatment outcome rate in Babylon, Iraq. Materials and Methods: A cohort retrospective study was carried out at the health center for asthma and allergies from January 2016 to March 2021 in the Babylon Province, Iraq. This study sighted on the characteristics of TB patients; age, sex, site of tuberculosis, and treatment outcome. Results: There were 1774 cases of TB registered in the medical records of the health center in Babylon, Iraq. As a result, we found that female patients represented 53.4% of patients, as compared with male patients who constituted 46.6% of patients. The age group between 61 years old and older recorded the highest percentage (n = 359; 20.2%) and the less percentage of those who are <10 years old (n =122; 6.9%). Site of infection, pulmonary tuberculosis (n = 992; 56.0%), and extrapulmonary tuberculosis (n = 782; 44.0%). Treatment outcomes include treatment complete (63.7%), cure (24.1%), death (3.1%), default (0.5%), fail (0.3%), transfer (0.1%), and other (8.1%). Which has a successful treatment percentage (87.8%) and an unsuccessful treatment (12.1%). Conclusions: This study concluded that females were more likely to be infected with tuberculosis than males. Additionally, the success rate of treatment was (87.8%), while the unsuccessful rate was (12.1%). While age group that the highest percentage was noted among those 61 years old and older (n = 359; 20.2%).

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