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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 126-128

Factors contribute to elevated blood pressure values in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus: A review


Paediatric Department, College of Medicine, Al-Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Wasnaa Hadi Abdullah
Paediatric Department, College of Medicine, Al-Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad
Iraq
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/MJBL.MJBL_58_22

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Hypertension is common in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Although the exact prevalence of hypertension in pediatric patients with diabetes mellitus is unknown, many studies show rates ranging from 6% to 16%. Several studies looked at the variables that impact blood pressure levels in type 1 diabetes. However, articles in pediatric age group are limited. Upon reviewing the recently published articles, the factors which found to have a significant relationship with blood pressure readings in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus are as follows: patient age, gender, body composition, total fat percentage, body mass index, diabetes duration, glycated hemoglobin levels, and diabetic nephropathy.


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