• Users Online: 335
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 416-420

Contamination of fresh vegetables with protozoan parasites, in duhok city, kurdistan region of iraq

Department of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, University of Duhok- Iraqi Kurdistan, Duhok City, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Arshad Mohammad Abdullah
Department of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, University of Duhok- Iraqi Kurdistan, Duhok City.
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/MJBL.MJBL_69_21

Rights and Permissions

Background: Vegetables are essential for the human body and they constitute the main daily consumed diet. However, vegetable consumption is one of the main routes of transmission of intestinal parasites in humans. Objective: This study aimed to investigate parasites that caused vegetable contamination in Duhok city, Kurdistan region of Iraq. Materials and Methods: In the current study, from June 2021 through August 2021, a total of 166 samples of fresh vegetables were collected from several markets in different places of Duhok city. Samples were examined microscopically for parasitic investigation. Results: It was shown that 10.2% of vegetables were contaminated with parasites, but with no significant margin between contaminated and non-contaminated vegetables (P value = 0.81). The parasitic contamination was detected in lettuce (15%), parsley (14.3%), and radish (14.3%), with no parasitic contamination in both carrot and cucumber. Three types of parasites were detected in vegetable samples; they were in the order of 5.4% for Entamoeba spp., 4.2% Giardia lamblia, and 1.2% Balantidium coli. Conclusion: In conclusion, the present study identified fresh vegetable contamination with protozoan parasites in moderate rate, which can play an important role in the transmission of pathogenic intestinal parasites.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded92    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal