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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 281-286

Personal protective equipment for frontline health-care workers during COVID-19 pandemic: A review

1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, IMS and SUM Hospital, Siksha “O” Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
2 Department of Microbiology, IMS and SUM Hospital, Siksha “O” Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Santosh Kumar Swain
Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, IMS & SUM Hospital, Siksha “O” Anusandhan University, K8, Kalinga Nagar, Bhubaneswar 751003, Odisha.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/MJBL.MJBL_39_21

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The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has thrown health systems indiscriminately across the globe into turmoil. The important route for the spread of COVID-19 is through aerosolized droplets that are expelled at the time of coughing, sneezing, or breathing, but there are also concerns for possible airborne transmission. COVID-19 pandemic has placed an unprecedented stress on the health-care system. Sudden increase in demand and limited availability of personal protective equipment (PPE) is making risks on health-care workers, which hamper their ability for effective management of the patients. Several health-care workers are dying in this global outbreak because of the improper protective measures during performing the high-risk procedures. Limited availability of the vaccine to health-care workers in all parts of the world and inadequate supply of proper therapeutic agents, such as personal protective measures, among health-care workers for restricting the COVID-19 spread are an important requirement. Regardless of the debate among the medical community for the use of PPE, a greater number of countries in the world are moving ahead with recommendations or mandates for using PPE in clinical interventions or caring for the COVID-19 patients. Some have attributed the death of health-care workers to inadequate supply of the PPE. However, there are some concerns about the improper use of PPE by the health-care workers. Policy makers, government, and health experts have increased the importance of manufacturing more PPE for the safety of the health-care professionals particularly frontline workers for COVID-19 patients. This review article provides an overview of PPE for frontline health-care workers in the COVID-19 pandemic.

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