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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 178-181

Prolactin serum levels and breast cancer: Relationships with hematological factors among cases in Karbala Province, Iraq

Department of Community Health, Karbala Technical Institute, Al-Furat Al-Awsat Technical University, Kufa, Najaf Governorate, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Salim Hussein Hassan
Department of Community Health, Karbala Technical Institute, Al-Furat Al-Awsat University, Kufa
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/MJBL.MJBL_40_18

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Background: About one million of women are diagnosed with breast cancer globally and nearly half of whom will die from cancer. Breast cancer is the most common cancer and the leading of mortality among women. The present study aimed to find out the relationship breast cancer and levels of PRL and influence on some hematological parameters. Materials and Methods: A total of 71 specimens were collected from females with breast cancer. Blood specimens were collected, and a blood group, packed cell volume (PCV), hemoglobin (Hb), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and prolactin (PRL) level was evaluated. Results: The results show that most breast cancer cases were age group 40–50 years and less common among other age groups. The married women were 97% and the unmarried was 3% only. Most studied cases (43%) were O+ and (26%) were A+ blood group, in compare to other blood groups. In addition, many women show a slight decrease in Hb and PCV level (<11.0 g/dl, <36% respectively), on the other hand, the mean value of ESR was increased nonsignificantly (P > 0.05). The PRL levels were increased (31.5 ng/ml) in compare to the range of normal value (14.5 ng/ml) in women at all age groups. Conclusions: The study concludes that there was a relationship between PRL level and breast cancer with a highly significant value.

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