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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 43-47

Effect of midazolam on bupivacaine action in intrathecal anesthesia

1 Department of Anesthesia, College of Medicine, University of Duhok, Duhok, Kurdistan, Iraq
2 Department of Anesthesia, Maternity Teaching Hospital, Duhok, Kurdistan, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Anas Amer M Ajam
College of Medicine, University of Duhok, Duhok, Kurdistan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/MJBL.MJBL_12_18

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Background: Subarachnoid anesthesia is regarded as one of the famous neuroaxial block procedures available nowadays. Neuraxial anesthesia offers many benefits over general anesthesia. Objective: This study is designed to compare the effect of adding 1 and 2 mg midazolam to hyperbaric bupivacaine on duration of sensory and motor block and intraoperative hemodynamic changes for the cesarian section under subarachnoid anesthesia. Methods: Ninety patients with the American Society of Anesthesiology Classifications I/II (range: 18–40 years) were randomly allocated into three groups and were underwent spinal anesthesia for Cesarean Section in Duhok Maternity Hospital, Iraq. Group A (n = 30) received intrathecal of bupivacaine 12.5 mg + 0.4 ml of normal saline, Group B (n = 30) intrathecal of bupivacaine 12.5 mg + 1 mg midazolam, and Group C (n = 30) intrathecal of bupivacaine 12.5 mg + 2 mg midazolam. The study groups were comparable in age and hemodynamic status changes prior and intra-intervention commencement. Results: The analgesic duration of those patients in Groups C and B were significantly longer, 183.33 and 181.00 min compared to 138.00 min in Group A for motor block (P < 0.0001) and 212.00, 210.00, and 142.00 min, respectively, for sensory block (P < 0.0001) with no any substantial difference in hemodynamic status changes. Conclusion: The longer duration of analgesic was found using midazolam adjuvant with bupivacaine compared to free adjuvant group in women underwent spinal anesthesia.

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